Frédéric Bouchard




Areas of Specialisation

  • Philosophy of Biology
  • Philosophy of Science

Areas of Competence

  • Environmental Philosophy
  • Philosophy of Mind
  • Research System and Evaluation


Academic training




2004-2005 FQRSC post-doctoral fellow at the IHPST
University of Toronto
Under the supervision of Paul Thompson
1999-2004 Doctorat (Ph.D.2004) in philosophy
Duke University (defended May 27th 2004)
“Evolution, Fitness and the Struggle for Persistence”
Advisor: Alex Rosenberg.
Committee: Robert Brandon, Owen Flanagan and Dan McSchea.
1997-1999 Masters (MA 2000) in philosophy
Université de Montréal
1995-1997 BA in philosophy
Université de Montréal
Canada


Publications



  1. Antoine C. Dussault, Frédéric Bouchard (early access), “A Persistence Enhancing Propensity Account of Ecological Function to Explain Ecological Evolution”, Synthese
    [www|pdf]
  2. Frédéric Bouchard (early access), “The Roles of Institutional Trust and Distrust in Grounding Rational Deference to Scientific Expertise”, Perspectives on Science, Vol. 24 (5): 582-608
    [www|pdf]
  3. Julien Prud’homme, Pierre Doray, Frédéric Bouchard (Eds) (May 2015), Science, technologies et sociétés de A à Z, Presses de l’Université de Montréal
    [www|pdf|epub]
  4. Alex Rosenberg et Frédéric Bouchard (2015), « Fitness » (3e édition, révisions majeures) in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy  [www]
  5. Thiago Hutter, Carine Gimbert, Frédéric Bouchard, François-Joseph Lapointe (2015), “Being Human is a gut feeling“, Microbiome, Vol.3, 9
    [www|pdf]
  6. Frédéric Bouchard (2014), “Ecosystem Evolution is About Variation and Persistence, not Populations and Reproduction“, Biological Theory, Vol.9 (4): 382-391
    [www]
  7. Frédéric Bouchard, Philippe Huneman (Eds) (2013) From Groups to Individuals: Evolution and Emerging Individuality, MIT Press, Vienna Series in Theoretical Biology, 288p
    [MIT Press|amazon.com|chapters.ca|barnes&noble|amazon.ca|amazon.fr|amazon.co.uk]
  8. Frédéric Bouchard “What Is a Symbiotic Superindividual and How Do You Measure Its Fitness?” in Frédéric Bouchard, Philippe Huneman (Eds) (2013) From Groups to Individuals: Evolution and Emerging Individuality, MIT Press, Vienna Series in Theoretical Biology, 288p
  9. Frédéric Bouchard (2013), Book Review of “Les limites du soi: immunologie et identité biologique” by Thomas Pradeu in History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences, Vol 35 (1): 122-123
    [www|pdf]
  10. Eric Bapteste, Philippe Lopez, Frédéric Bouchard, Fernando Baquero, James O. McInerney, Richard M. Burian (2012), “Evolutionary analyses of non-genealogical bonds produced by introgressive descent”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS, USA), Vol. 109 (45): 18266-18272
    [www|pdf]
  11. Frédéric Bouchard (2013), “How Ecosystem Evolution Strengthens the Case for Functional Pluralism“in Functions: selection and mechanisms, ed by Philippe Huneman, Dordrecht: Springer, “Synthese Library”, Vol. 363
    [www|pdf|epub|kindle]
  12. Frédéric Bouchard (2012), “Des fourmis et des hommes : examen des prémisses darwiniennes dans la pensée de Benoît Dubreuil“, Philosophiques, Vol. 39 (1): 265-270
    [www|pdf|epub|kindle]
  13. Eric Bapteste, Frédéric Bouchard, and Richard M. Burian (2012),”Philosophy and Evolution: Minding the Gap Between Evolutionary Patterns and Tree-Like Patterns“, in Evolutionary Genomics: Statistical and Computational Methods (Vol 2), Series: Methods in Molecular Biology (Vol. 856), ed by Maria Anisimova, New York: Humana Press (Springer)
    [www|pdf|epub|kindle]
  14. Frédéric Bouchard (2011), Reviewer’s commentary (report #3) of “Biased gene transfer and its implications for the concept of lineage” (2011) by Cheryl P Andam and J Peter Gogarten, Biology Direct, Vol 6(1), 2011
    [www|pdf]
  15. Liow, Lee Hsiang, Carl Simpson, Frédéric Bouchard, John Damuth, Benedikt Hallgrimsson, Gene Hunt, Daniel W. McShea, Jeffery Powell, Nils Christian Stenseth, Melissa Stoller & Gunter Wagner. (2011) “Pioneering Paradigms and Magnificent Manifestos — Leigh Van Valen’s priceless contributions to evolutionary biology.”, Evolution Vol 65 (4) pp.917-922
    [www|pdf|epub|kindle]
  16. Frédéric Bouchard (2011)Book review of “Subjects of the World: Darwin’s Rhetoric and the Study of Agency in Nature” by Paul Sheldon Davies, The Quarterly Review of Biology Vol 86 (1) pp.37-38
    [www|pdf|epub|kindle]
  17. Frédéric Bouchard (2011)”Darwinism without populations: a more inclusive understanding of the “Survival of the Fittest”“, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences Vol 42 (1) pp.106-114
    [www|pdf|epub|kindle]
  18. Frédéric Bouchard (2010)”Symbiosis, Lateral Function Transfer and the (many) saplings of life“, Biology and Philosophy Vol 25 (4) pp.623-641
    [www|pdf|epub|kindle]
  19. Frédéric Bouchard (2009) “Understanding colonial traits using symbiosis research and ecosystem ecology“, Biological Theory Vol 4 (3) pp.240-246
    [www|pdf| epub|kindle]
  20. Frédéric Bouchard (2009) “La fitness au-delà des gènes et des organismes” in Les mondes darwiniens ed par Heams, Huneman, Lecointre & Siberstein, Éditions Syllepse, France, pp. 285-304
    [www]
  21. Frédéric Bouchard (2009) Book review of “Science, Politics and Evolution” by Elisabeth A. Lloyd in Isis 2009, 100: 444-445
    [www|pdf|epub|kindle]
  22. Frédéric Bouchard (2008) “Causal Processes, Fitness and the Differential Persistence of LineagesPhilosophy of Science 75 2008: 560-570
    [www|pdf|epub|kindle ]
  23. Frédéric Bouchard (2008) “Ernst Mayr et la définition des espèces“[in numéro anniversaire sur l’héritage de Darwin], Les dossiers de LA RECHERCHE, 33: 50-54
  24. Alex Rosenberg and Frédéric Bouchard (2008), ‘Fitness‘ (2nd edition) in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/fitness/)
  25. Frédéric Bouchard, (2007) Book review of “Minerva’s Aviary: Philosophy at Toronto, 1843-2003.” by John G. Slater. in Scientia Canadensis 30 (2) 2007 : 123-142
    [www|pdf|epub|kindle]
  26. Frédéric Bouchard (2007) “Évolution d’écosystèmes sans réduction à la fitness des parties” in Le tout et les parties dans les systèmes naturels, collection « Philosophie des sciences », ed Th. Martin, Éditions Vuibert, Paris, pp.57-64.
    [www]
  27. Frédéric Bouchard (2007) “Moving beyond the influence of molecular genetics on the debate about reductionism in philosophy of biology” in The Influence of Genetics in Scientific and Philosophical Thinking, collection “Logic, Epistemology and the Unity of Science”, Vol.6, co-ed.Anne Fagot-Largeault, Shahid Rahman, Juan Manuel Torres, Springer Academic Publishers. 280 p.
    [www|pdf|epub|kindle]
  28. Frédéric Bouchard (2007) ‘Rationalité et néo-darwinisme : l’origine de la pensée selon de Sousa‘, Dialogue: revue canadienne de philosophie Vol.46 (1) pp.155-163
    [www|pdf|epub|kindle]
  29.  Frédéric Bouchard,(2007) ‘Ideas that stand the [evolutionary] test of time.’, Interdisciplines: adaptation and representation, C.N.R.S, Paris.
    [www|pdf|epub|kindle]
  30. Frédéric Bouchard (2006), ‘Fitness‘ in The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia, pp.310-315, ed. par Sahotra Sarkar et Jessica Pfeifer, Routledge Press.
    [www]
  31. Alex Rosenberg and Frederic Bouchard (2005) “Matthen and Ariew’s Obituary to Fitness: Reports of Its Death Have Been Greatly ExaggeratedBiology and Philosophy Vol.20 (2-3) pp.343-353.
    [www|pdf|epub|kindle]
  32. Frédéric Bouchard (2004), “Evolution, Fitness and the Struggle for Persistence“, PhD thesis, Alex Rosenberg (supervisor), Duke University, 214 p.
    [pdf]
  33. Frédéric Bouchard and Alex Rosenberg (2004) “Fitness, Probability and the Principles of Natural SelectionBritish Journal for the Philosophy of Science Vol. 55 (4) 2004, pp.693-712.
    [www|pdf|epub|kindle] ***reprinted in Stefan Linquist (ed.) (2010) “Philosophy of Evolutionary Biology (The International Library of Essays on Evolutionary Thought)” Vol 1,Ashgate Publishing
  34. Frédéric Bouchard and Alexander Rosenberg (2003), “Drift, Fitness and the Foundations of Probability“, in: Determinism in Physics and Biology, ed.  Andreas Hüttemann, Paderborn: mentis: 108-137.
  35. Alex Rosenberg and Frederic Bouchard, (2003) ‘Fitness‘ in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
    [www]

Frédéric Bouchard (2011), “Remplacer les plans d’affaires par des plans de développement pour toute l’Université“, L’Autre Forum Vol. 15 (1), pp. 6-12
[www|pdf|epub|kindle]

Citation index via scholar.google


Fellowships and Grants




2017 SSHRC CONNECTION Grant
(Principal Investigator: Gregory Mikkelson)
“Convergence and Divergence between Animal and Environmental Ethics”
2015-2018 LIA subvention Laboratoire international associé CNRS (France)
(Principal Investigator: Philippe Huneman, CNRS)
Epistemological and Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology (ECIEB)
2014-2018 SSHRC INSIGHT Grant with Christophe Malaterre
“On the Epistemological Diversity of Biodiversity Concepts”
2010-2013 SSHRC Standard Research Grant
“Understanding emergent superorganisms to define biological individuality”
2005-2008 SSHRC Standard Research Grant
“The new laws of biology and the expansion of evolutionary theory”
2005-2008 FQRSC subvention établissement nouveaux professeurs-chercheurs
“Rôle des généralisations et des tendances en épistémologie de la théorie de l’évolution”
2007-2008 SSHRC International Opportunities Fund
(Principal Investigator, Denis Walsh, University of Toronto)
For the Consortium for the History and Philosophy of Biology
2004-2005 FQRSC Post-Doctoral Fellowship (Fonds québecois de la recherche sur la société et la culture).
Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology
University of Toronto under the supervision of Paul Thompson.
2003-2004 Evan Frankel Fellow
Duke University
1999-2004 Graduate school fellowship and stipend for the PhD in philosophy
Duke University
1999-2003 Doctoral fellowship from the SSHRC (Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada) 
1999-2002 Doctoral fellowship from the FQRSC (Québec’s equivalent of the Canadian fellowship)


Awards




2014-2016 ÉSOPE Chair of philosophy
Université de Montréal
Juillet 2013 Invited Professor, Centre for Philosophy of Science of the University of Lisbon
Summer School on Evolution
2008 Teaching award “Excellence en enseignement: catégorie professeur en début de carrière
Université de Montréal
2008 Teaching award “Excellence en enseignement: secteur lettres et sciences humaines
Faculté des arts et des sciences, Université de Montréal
2003-2004 Named Instructorship award, William B. Peach Instructor of Philosophy
Duke University

 


Présentations



  1. 13 mai 2016 « Comprendre l’être humain comme un écosystème : considérations philosophiques et évolutionnaires », conférence dans le cadre du colloque « L’identité humaine au prisme du microbiome : perspectives artistiques et enjeux philosophiques », 84e Congrès de l’Acfas, Université du Québec à Montréal, QC.
  2. 11 mai 2016 « L’expert et la crédibilité des institutions scientifiques », conférence dans le cadre du colloque « L’expertise : perspectives interdisciplinaires », 84e Congrès de l’Acfas, Université du Québec à Montréal, QC.
  3. 17 mars 2016 « L’évolution des rôles du doctorat dans le système québécois de la recherche et de l’innovation », conférence, Université Paris Descartes et Université Sorbonne – Paris Cité, France.
  4. 24 février 2016 « Comment certains types de scepticisme peuvent augmenter la confiance du public en l’avis des experts scientifiques », conférence dans le cadre des Séminaires de l’Institut de recherche en santé publique (IRSPUM), Université de Montréal, QC.
  5. 24 septembre 2015 « Système de recherche 101 », conférence donnée dans le cadre des Journées de la relève en recherche de l’Acfas, Université Laval, QC.
  6. 21 septembre 2015 « État de la recherche et de l’innovation au Québec: constats et réflexions », conférence d’ouverture de la rencontre QuébecInnove, Québec, QC.
  7. 1er juin 2015 « Histoire et médecine ou Theory & Evolution », conférence donnée dans le cadre du symposium « Philosophy of Biology in Canada », Congrès annuel de l’Association canadienne de philosophie (ACP), Université d’Ottawa, ON.
  8. 16 avril 2015 « L’évolution du système de la recherche au Québec et au Canada », conférence, Université Laval, QC
  9. 8 mars 2015 « Evolutionary Ethics is about following your gut microbiome: the biology a new moral relativism », communication dans le cadre du colloque “Evolution and Ethics”, programme HPS, Florida State University.
  10. 12 mars 2015 « L’expert scientifique peut-il prendre position », panel, Cœur des Sciences, UQAM, QC
  11. 12 mars 2015 « La biodiversité est-elle un objet de sciences humaines ou de sciences biologiques », conférence dans le cadre du XXVe Symposium du Département des Sciences biologiques de l’Université de Montréal, Université de Montréal, QC
  12. 18 février 2015 « L’avenir de la mission universitaire au 21e siècle », panel dans le cadre des Journées de la valorisation de l’enseignement, de la recherche et de la création, UQAC, QC
  13. 11 décembre 2014 « La nouvelle production de la connaissance », panel de discussion ACFAS (diffusion Canal Savoir)
  14. 27 novembre 2014 « Organismes, superorganismes et écosystèmes: comment la philosophie peut-elle nous aider à comprendre l’individualité biologique », conférence inaugurale de la Chaire Ésope, Université de Montréal, QC
  15. 21 novembre 2014 « Symbiosis, Transient Biological Individuality, and Evolutionary Processes », conférence lors du colloque « Process Philosophy of Biology », University of Exeter, UK
  16. 15 novembre 2014 « Why do we think we’re so much better than other species? », conference TEDxYouth@Montréal, Montréal, QC
  17. 28 octobre 2014 « Preparing Graduate Students for the work outside the Academy », panel dans le cadre du congrès de l’association canadienne pour les études supérieures, Saint John’s, NL
  18. 25 octobre 2014 « Know thy gut: what symbiosis and philosophy of biology can tell us about human nature », conférence dans le cadre du congrès de l’Atlantic Region Philosophers’ Association, Memorial University Philosophy Department, Saint John’s, NL
  19. 9 octobre 2014 « Les enjeux mondiaux de la recherche », panel dans le cadre du Forum Innovaction, association pour le développement de la recherche et de l’innovation du Québec (ADRIQ), QC
  20. 25 septembre 2014 « Système de la recherche 101 », conférence dans le cadre des Journées de la relève en recherche, association francophone pour le savoir (Acfas), QC
  21. March 21 2014 “How Research on Symbiosis Should Transform Our Understanding of Adaptation” conference, Lewis and Clark University, Portland, OR
  22. February 20 2014 “Comment identifier les vrais experts” conference, UQTR
  23. February 13 2014 “Comment identifier les vrais experts” conference, Université Pierre-Mendès-France, Grenoble, France
  24. October 25 2013 “Les superorganismes sont plus que la somme des organismes qui les composent” conference, Paris IV, France
  25. October 25 2013 “Astuces professionnelles pour aspirants-chercheurs” conference, IHPST, Paris I, France
  26. October 25 2013 “Mieux comprendre la biologie selon Leigh Van Valen (1935-2010)” conference, IHPST, Paris I, France
  27. October 24 2013 “Astuces professionnelles pour aspirants-chercheurs” conference, rentrée des Écoles Doctorales de Bourgogne et Franche-Comté, Besançon, France
  28. October 24 2013 “Comment identifier les “vrais” experts” Keynote address at the rentrée des Écoles Doctorales, de Bourgogne et Franche-Comté, Besançon, France
  29. October 23 2013 “Les superorganismes sont plus que la somme des organismes qui les composent” conference, Laboratoire Logique de l’agir, Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon, France
  30. October 22 2013 “Different types of objects of scientific expertise demand different types of justification” workshop, Science and Society 2013: Emerging Agendas for Citizens and the Sciences, University of Ottawa
  31. July 9 2013 Round-tablee “From Groups to Individuals”, meeting of the International Society for History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Biology, Montpellier, France
  32. July 9 2013″How to define the selective environments in which symbiotic communities evolve” with Karine Prévot, meeting of the International Society for History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Biology, Montpellier, France
  33. June 26 2013″Different types of objects of scientific expertise demand different types of justification” pre-conference workshop of the Society for Philosophy of Science in Practice, Toronto
  34. June 8 2013″How Research on Symbiosis Should Transform Our Understanding of Adaptation” Consortium for the History and Philosophy of Biology workshop, Duke University, Durham, NC
  35. June 4 2013″Why it is important to distinguish between different types of scientific expertise” Canadian Society for the History and Philosophy of Science Congress, Victoria, BC
  36. May 7 2013″L’être humain n’est pas particulièrement intéressant (du point de vue de l’évolution) ” Collège de Valleyfield
  37. April 19 2013, discussion de “What Is a Symbiotic Superindividual and How Do You Measure Its Fitness?” Philosophy of Biology Seminar, Paris IV
  38. April 12 2013″L’autorité des experts face aux risques”, Probabilités, Décision, Incertitude seminar, IHPST, France
  39. April 9 2013″Pourquoi les explications évolutionnaires devraient-elles être plus causales que statistiques”, École thématique interdisciplinaire d’échanges et de formation en biologie de Berder, France
  40. March 25 2013″L’être humain est-il plus que la somme de tous ses partenaires symbiotiques”, colloquium of the Groupe d’étude interdisciplinaire sur la nature humaine, Université de Montréal
  41. March 15 2013″How Research on Symbiosis Should Transform Our Understanding of Adaptation”, Department of Philosophy, Bristol University, UK
  42. March 8 2013, discussion de “What Is a Symbiotic Superindividual and How Do You Measure Its Fitness?”Centre for History of Evolutionary Studies, University College London
  43. March 4 2013″How Research on Symbiosis Should Transform Our Understanding of Adaptation”, All Souls College, University of Oxford, UK
  44. February 16 2013″How Research on Symbiosis Should Transform Our Understanding of Adaptation”, congress of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Boston
  45. February 1 2013″Adaptations et symbioses : la question des unités de sélection”, département de philosophie, UQAM
  46. January 14 2013″Adaptations et symbioses : la question des unités de sélection”, colloquium “Les microbes dans les associations biologiques”, école normale supérieure, Paris
  47. December 7 2012 “La persistance différentielle pour comprendre l’évolution en deçà et au-delà de l’organique”, IHPST, Paris
  48. November 17 2012 “Evolution is about variation, not populations”, congress of the Philosophy of Science Association, San Diego
  49. August 31 2012 “Epistemological reasons for heeding scientific experts” invited conference, Department of Philosophy, Florida State University
  50. August 23 2012 “Ecosystems may evolve via the differential persistence of their parts” presented at workshop “Teleological Organisation: Organisms, Ecosystems, and Artifacts”, University of Copenhagen
  51. June 3 2012 “Savoir pourquoi il faut faire confiance aux experts (et savoir quand c’est risqué de le faire)” presented at the IV Congrès de la Société de Philosophie des Sciences, Montréal
  52. May 31 2012 “Evolutionary Biology is not a Historical Science” presented at the Consortium for the History and Philosophy of Biology, IHPST-Toronto
  53. May 4 2012 “Knowing why it’s appropriate to rely on scientific experts (and when it’s not)” invited conference, Department of Philosophy, University of California-Davis
  54. May 28 2012 “How institutional norms offer a rational justification for the deference to scientific experts.” presented at the congress for the Canadian Society for the History and Philosophy of Science, Waterloo, ON
  55. 4 mai 2012 «”Knowing why it’s appropriate to rely on scientific experts (and when it’s not)”, présenté au département de philosophie, University of California Davis.
  56. February 14 2012″There are no organisms, just complex multi-species individuals. So what are the bearers of adaptation?” presented at the Institute for Science and Technology Studies, York University
  57. January 25 2012 “Knowing why it’s appropriate to rely on scientific experts (and when it’s not)” présenté au Minnesota Center for Philosophy of Science, University of Minnesota -Minneapolis
  58. October 28 2011″There are no organisms, just complex multi-species individuals. So what are the bearers of adaptation?” invited conference, Departement of Philosophy, McMaster University
  59. May 29 2011″There are no organisms, just complex multi-species individuals. So what are the bearers of adaptation?” at the meeting of the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Science, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada
  60. April 9 2011 “On the Possible Fungibility of Ecological, Generational and Evolutionary Time Scales”, conference at workshop “Metaphysics of Evolutionary Processes”, University of Alabama at Birmingham
  61. March 16 2011 “Comment les échelles temporelles que nous adoptons déterminent les entités biologiques que nous étudions”, plenary speaker, XXI symposium, Department of Biology, Université de Montréal
  62. February 24 2011 “Comment la théorie de l’évolution et la philosophie de la biologie redéfinissent ce qu’est un individu au-delà de l’organisme”, invited conference, faculty of philosophy, Université Laval
  63. January 14 2011 “Biotal and Abiotal Evolution: an amended manifesto”, in a memorial symposium in honor of Leigh Valen, Biology Department, University of Chicago
  64. December 17 2010 “Biotal and Abiotal Evolution: an amended manifesto”, in the symposium “Organisms as ecosystems, ecosystems as organisms”, UPMC, Paris
  65. December 9 2010 “Migration du concept d’individu en biologie contemporaine”, CIRST, Montréal
  66. 6 novembre 2010 “Motley Crews of Nature: How to Individuate and Count Symbiotic Communities”, Philosophy of Science Association meeting, Montréal
  67. June 17th 2010 “Analyse fonctionnelle et classification des communautés symbiotiques”, colloquium “Fonctions, information et systèmes en développement: Journée à la mémoire de Marie-Claude Lorne”, École normale supérieure de Paris
  68. March 26th 2010 “Réflexions théoriques sur l’évolution des clones et des communautés”, invited conference, Institut de Recherche en Biologie Végétale, UdeM, Montréal
  69. March 5th 2010 “How communities grow and evolve and what it means for the Tree of Life”, invited conference, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA
  70. January 13th 2010 “The real and false differences between tools, organs and organisms”, invited conference, Philosophy Students Association, Concordia University, Montréal
  71. November 14th 2009 “What does « Survival of the Fittest » mean?”, symposium “Defining Darwinism: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Debate”, University of Lethbridge
  72. September 18th 2009 « De la nécessité de revenir à un darwinisme « classique Â» Â», Invited conference, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon (France)
  73. August 1st 2009 “Endosymbiosis in light of reflections on symbiosis and the superorganism”, Perspectives on the Tree of Life workshop (EGENIS network), Halifax, Canada
  74. June 11th 2009 “La fitness des écosystèmes” in colloquium “ecosystem selection”, Groupe d’Application de l’Ingénierie des Écosystèmes (GAIE), École Normale Supérieure, Paris
  75. June 5th 2009 “What symbioses and ecosystems can teach us about fitness and the evolution of culture”, Keynote address to Cognitio 2009, UQAM, Montréal
  76. May 26th 2009 “How the definitions of community and ecosystem constrain how we define the evolution of symbioses”, at the meeting of the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Science, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada
  77. April 23 2009 “Comment penser au Normal et au Pathologique dans les transitions entre parasitisme et mutualisme”, colloque “Canguilhem, la sociologie et l’épistémologie”, CIRST, Montréal
  78. March 4th  2009 “Quelques concepts pour une nouvelles analyse de l’évolution des écosystèmes” in workshop “Les paradigmes de l’écologie: modélisation, économie, et éthique de l’environnement”, CNRS, Institut d’études scientifiques de Cargèse, Corsica
  79. November 6th 2008 “On some explanatory dilemmas raised by construing evolutionary populations as mere ensembles” in symposium “(Mis)Representing Mathematical Models in Biology”, Philosophy of Science Association meeting, Pittsburgh, USA
  80. October 24th 2008 “Why Thinking about variation should not depend on Darwinian populations of replicators” Western Canadian Philosophical Association meeting, University of Alberta
  81. May 18th 2008 “Community Selection and Symbiosis Research’s Unsuspected Result: Adaptationism strikes back (and it’s a good thing” workshop, Consortium for the History and Philosophy of Biology, IHPST, University of Toronto
  82. October 20th 2007 “Fitness”, workshop panel “The Toronto Interpretation”, Consortium for the History and Philosophy of Biology, IHPST, University of Toronto
  83. October 17th 2007 “De la nécessité de repenser le « population thinking Â» à cause de l’évolution des communités”,Biology Department, ecology section, UQAM
  84. October 8th 2007 “Thinking About Fitness and ‘Population Thinking'”, Department of Philosophy, University of California-Davis
  85. September 18th 2007 “De l’évolution des superorganismes: problème d’individualité et d’individuation”, département de philosophie, Université de Sherbrooke
  86. July 28th 2007: “What is a symbiotic superorganism and how do you measure its fitness” congress of the International Society for History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Biology, Exeter UK
  87. May 30th 2007:”Termites, symbiosis and the necessity for causal explanations in evolutionary biology” at the meeting of the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
  88. May 11 th 2007: with Marie-Claude Lorne “How many biological individuals are there in a symbiotic relationship? Nature may not care but we should.“, workshop “Symbiosis”, IHPST, Paris
  89. April 9th 2007: “Symbiosis, clonality and biological individuality: how they impact our understanding of evolution“, Department of Philosophy, University of Edinburgh, UK
  90. April 8th 2007: “Symbiosis, clonality and biological individuality: how they impact our understanding of evolution“, Department of Philosophy, University of Stirling, UK
  91. March 12th 2007: avec Marie-Claude Lorne “How many biological individuals are there in a symbiotic relationship? Nature may not care but we should.“, Symbiosis workshop, IHPST, Paris
  92. February 13th 2007: “Étudier le peuplier faux-tremble (et autres espèces clonales) pour redéfinir la fitness en évolution” , Chaire en aménagement forestier durable (Sustainable Forest Development Chair), Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue (UQAT), Rouyn, Canada
  93. January 26th 2007: “Clones, symbiontes et écosystèmes: comment un bestiaire plus riche peut transformer le darwinisme.“, Philosophy Department, UQAM, Montréal, Canada
  94. December 1st 2006: with Mathieu Marion and Robert Leonard “Le concept de jeu de la mathématique à l’économie, la biologie et la logique“, CIRST, UQAM, Montréal, Canada
  95. November 2nd 2006 :”Causal Processes, Fitness and the Differential Persistence of Lineages“, congress of the Philosophy of Science Association, Vancouver, Canada
  96. October 23rd 2006:”La lutte pour la persistance (ou, pourquoi examiner la survie plutôt que la reproduction pour comprendre la fitness)“, Université de Paris I Sorbonne-IHPST
  97. October 20th 2006: “The Struggle for Persistence: How to Understand Evolutionary Fitness in a Symbiotic and Clonal World “, Concordia University, Montréal, Canada.
  98. May 29th 2006: “Hierarchical Selection and the Necessity for Causal Claims about Individuals in Natural Selection” at the meeting of the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Science, York University, Canada.
  99. April 5th 2006: “Properties of individual organisms, fitness and persistence“, Symposium “Fitness: what index for what goal?” organized by the Groupe de Recherche en Écologie Comportementale et Animale (GRECA)
    Département des Sciences Biologiques, UQAM
  100. January 13th 2006: “Repenser l’unité de sélection naturelle : que faire des espèces clonales?” Centre interuniversitaire de recherche sur la science et la technologie (CIRST), UQAM
  101. December 9th 2005: “Les plantes clonales comme problème philosophique “, Centre Sève, Université de Sherbrooke
  102. November 10th 2005:“How ecosystem evolution strengthens the case for functional pluralism” IHPST, Paris
  103. July 15th 2005: “Taking intra-generational success seriously for our understanding of fitness”;, presented at the meeting of The International Society for History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Biology, Guelph, Canada.
  104. April 2005: “What Clonal Species and Ants can Teach Us about Evolutionary Fitness” presented at the IHPST, University of Toronto
  105. January 2005: “Propriétés ensemblistes en biologie évolutionnaire”, presented at the École Normale Supérieure at the first congress of the Société de philosophie des sciences
  106. January and February 2004: “Evolution, Persistence and Ecosystem Selection”, presented at Middlebury College, McGill University and, in French, at the Université de Montréal..
  107. July 2003: “Biotal evolution and fitness”, at the meeting of The International Society for History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Biology, Vienna 2003 note: program has different title
  108. May 2003: “From Darwin’s Examples of Artificial Selection to Contemporary Accounts of Fitness” at the meeting of the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Science, Dalhousie University, Canada.
  109. February 2003: “Tautology, Probability and Drift”, University of Western Ontario
  110. November 2002: “Du pluralisme à l’unification des définitions fonctionnelles en psychologie et en biologie évolutive” [“From Pluralism to Unification of Functional Definitions in Psychology and Evolutionary Biology”] presented at the Laboratory for the cognitive analysis of information of the Université du Québec à Montréal.
  111. October 2002: “From Peirce and Fisher to Contemporary Philosophy of Biology: Statistical Explanations and Ensemble Properties” Joint meeting of the Division of History of Science and the Division of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, International Union of History and Philosophy of Science in Paris, France.
  112. October 2002: Frederic Bouchard and Alex Rosenberg, oral version of “Fitness, Probability and the Principles of Natural Selection” presented at the Centre Cavaillès, Paris, France (the talk was also presented in Austin, Texas, September 2002)
  113. July 2002: Frederic Bouchard and Alex Rosenberg, “Beyond Probabilistic Processes: Thermodynamics and Evolutionary Theory”, in Bielefeld, Germany at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies (ZIF), at a colloquium titled “Determinism in Physics and Biology”.
  114. April 2002: “An Examination of Peirce’s Intuition about the Statistical Character of Evolutionary Theory” at the meeting of the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Science, University of Toronto, Canada.
  115. October 2001: “Multi-Level Percolation of Quantum Indeterminacy in Evolutionary Theory” Graduate Student Conference in Philosophy of Science, University of Washington, Seattle.
  116. May 2001: “New Functional Descriptions for Evolutionary Accounts of Consciousness” ASSC5 Fifth Meeting of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University.
  117. April 2001: “Function and Adaptation: Probability as a Bridge between Psychology and Biology”, Graduate Student Conference in Philosophy of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, Canada.
  118. April 2000: poster presentation “Inverted Spectrum and Adaptation” Towards a Science of Consciousness, University of Arizona, Tucson.


Enseignement



Prix excellence en enseignement 2008 FAS et UdeM

Cours enseignés

Université de Montréal

  • PHI1130 Philosophie des sciences (hiver 2007, 2008)
  • PHI1365 Évolution, Pensée et Valeurs (automne 2005, 2006, hiver et automne 2009, automne 2010, automne 2013)
  • PHI3365 Philosophie de la biologie (automne 2007)
  • PHI6322 Problèmes de philosophie des sciences (hiver 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2014, 2016, automne 2011)
  • PHI6321 Philosophie de la biologie (automne 2006, hiver 2009, hiver 2011, automne 2012, hiver 2015, 2017)
  • EDD6060 Enjeux sociaux et gouvernance: Environnement et développement durable (automne 2009, 2010)

Duke University

  • PHIL 196s Séminaire: Science and Philosophy (automne 2003) William B. Peach Instructor of Philosophy award
  • PHIL 115 Applied Ethics and Environmental Philosophy (été 2003)
  • PHIL 44S Introduction to Philosophy: Ethics and Political Thought (automne 2002)
  • BIO174/PHIL 114 Philosophy of Biology (été 2002)

Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf, Montréal, Canada

  • Introduction à la philosophie (été 1999)

Collège André Grasset, Montréal, Canada

  • Éthique et philosophie politique 2 groupes (automne 1998)
  • Philosophie moderne et contemporaine (automne 1998)


Student advising



Masters

  • Philosophy
    • Mélanie Beauchamp (in progress)
    • Simon Carrignon (co-direction, master Paris 7)
    • Mathieu Côté-Charbonneau MA 2009
    • Karl Degré MA 2012
    • Anne-Marie Gagné-Julien (in progress)
    • Pierre-Luc Germain MA2009
    • Thiago Hutter (in progress)
    • Guillaume Loignon MA2009
    • Martin Ledoux MA 2008
    • Pierre-Olivier Méthot MA 2008
    • Louis-Philippe Demars MA 2011
    • Nicolas Paradis MA 2013
    • Stéphane Plante MA2011
    • Étienne Richard-Dionne MA2012
    • François Vanier MA 2012
  • individualized (Environment and Sustainable Development)
    • Cynthia Ayoub (in progress)
    • Anne-Marie Dufour (2012)
    • Youness Elhariri (in profress)
    • Gabriel Ouellette (2012)
    • Nathalie Turenne (2012)

PhD

  • Antoine Corriveau-Dussault (in progress) (co-advising with Christine Tappolet
  • Mathieu Côté-Charbonneau MA 2009 (under my supervision), PhD 2013
  • Richard Delisle (co-advising with François Duchesneau) PhD 2007
  • Laurent Jodoin (in progress), with Univ. de Paris I
  • Mirco Plante (in progress)

Post-doctoral supervision

  • Francesca Merlin (2009-2010) (PhD 2008 Université de Paris I)
  • Marie-Claude Lorne (Ph.D. 2004 E.H.E.S.S., Inst. Jean Nicod under the supervision of Joëlle Proust)

External PhD examiner

  • Francesca Merlin, Philosophy, Université de Paris I (PhD 2009)
  • Jean-Frédéric de Pasquale, Cognitive Informatics, UQAM (PhD 2007)
  • Arnaud Pocheville, sciences de la vie et de la santé, École Normale Supérieure, France (PhD 2010)

Jury member

  • Vincent Camarda (PhD 2006)
  • Jean-Philippe Grondin (MA 2005)
  • Anne-Marie Guillemette (MA 2006)
  • Virginie Maris (PhD 2006)
  • Sébastien Patry (MA 2006)
  • Pierre Pascual (MA 2008)
  • Céline Riverin (MA 2007)
  • Jean-Philippe Royer (MA 2009)

Prelimininary examination jury member

  • Jean-Sébastien Bolduc (2008)
  • Jonathan Croteau (2007)


Research Experiences



2015 – … Deputy Vice-Rector for Research, Discovery, Creation and Innovation at Université de Montréal
2014 – 2015 Director of Centre interuniversitaire de recherche sur la science et la technologie CIRST
2004-2005 Visiting Research Fellow, IHPST, University of Toronto
2004 Participant to the Dibner/Marine Biological Laboratory Summer seminar “Molecular Evolution”.
2000-2004 Research Assistant at the Center for Philosophy of Biology, Duke University.
2001-2002 Participant at the Faculty Colloquium of the Center for Genomics Ethics, Law and Policy (Part of the Institute for Genome Science and Policy), Duke University.
Mars 2002 – septembre 2002 Research assistant toto Marjorie Grene for her translation of Hervé Leguyader “Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1772-1844: un naturaliste visionnaire” Belin, Paris, 1998. My work consisted mostly on archive research on the correspondance of Baron de Cuvier and Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire and other 19th Century French biologists.
1998-1999 Research Assistant for various SSHRC and FCAR projects at the Université de Montréal namely “L’impact philosophique de la la théorie des catégories”(SSHRC), “Naturalisme et Rationalité” (FCAR) and “Épistémologie des mathématiques” (SSHRC).


Experience and Service



Philosophy Department, Université de Montréal

  • Member of the Equity Committee (2011-…)
  • Member of the Colloquium Committee (2011-2012)
  • Director of Graduate Studies (2007-2011)
  • Member of the Hiring and Promotion Committee (2010-2011)
  • Member of the Studies Committee (2007-2011) (2013-…)
  • Member of the Graduate Studies Committee (2005-2011)
  • Secretary to Departemental Assembly (2005-2008)
  • Departemental co-administrator for IT services DGTIC(2005-…)

Institutional services

  • Deputy Vice-Rector for Research, Discovery, Creation and Innovation (2015-…)
  • Graduate program in environmental studies and sustainable development
    • director (2012-2015)
    • member of graduate studies program (2009-…)
    • member of sterring committee for the creation of the program (2008-2009)
  • Institut en environnement, développement durable et économie circulaire (HEC, Poly, UdeM)
    • member of the managing committee (2014-…)
    • member of the steering committee (2014)
  • member of the comité des différends (2014-2017)
  • alternate member on the comité d’appel des différends (2013-2014)
  • member of the comité des élections et des candidatures de la FAS (CELCAN) (2013-2014)
  • member of the comité de nomination du doyen de la FAS (CONODOY) (2011-2012)
  • member of the conseil de la faculté des arts et sciences (CONFAS) (2011-2015)
  • member of the Commission des études (COMET) (2010-2014)
  • member of the comité des nominations de la Commission des études (CONOMET) (2011-2014)
  • member of the comité de nomination du directeur, études anglaises (CONODIR) (2011)
  • member of the comité de nomination du directeur, Philosophie (CONODIR) (2010)
  • member of graduate studies committee of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (COETSUP) (2007-2010)
  • member of teaching excellence award committee for the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (2009, 2014)
  • member of the FAS committee for attribution of the Angers-Poulin fellowship (2010)
  • member of teaching excellence award committee for the Université de Montréal (2009, 2010, 2014)
  • member of the UdeM committee for attribution of the Vanier Canada Gradute Scholarships (Vanier CGS) (2009, 2010)
  • member of the UdeM committee for attribution of SSHRC MA (2007,2009,2010) and PhD fellowships (2007, 2009)


Other experiences and external service



Academic activities

Other activities

  • FORUM (UdeM Weekly) interviews
  • Guest commentator on the radio show “Plus on est de fous, plus on lit” (Ici Radio-Canada Première August 21 2013)
  • Panelist at the bar des sciences: “Sélection naturelle:l’humain une exception?”, Coeur des Sciences, UQAM (6 octobre 2010).Discussion at Science Presse
  • conference “Vérité et philosophie de la biologie”, intercollégiale de philosophie, Collège de Valleyfield (March 30th 2012)
  • conference “Face aux forces de l’évolution, l’être humain est-il une exception?”, Cégep Marie-Victorin (November 30th 2011).
  • conference “Clones, Colonies, Symbioses, Écosystèmes: Comment la théorie de l’évolution redéfinit ce qu’est un individu biologique au-delà de l’organisme”, Collège de Maisonneuve (Aug. 20th 2009)
  • Panelist for the Café philosophique: the topic of Science and Progress, Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf (November 5th 2009)
  • conference “De la nécessité de revenir à un darwinisme “classique””, Cégep de Sherbrooke (Feb. 15th 2009)
  • conference “Évolution et pensée humaine”, for the Cultural Foundation of the the Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf (April 16th 2007).
  • Panelist concerning Research Funding at the Congress of the Nouvelle Alliance pour la Philosophie au Collège, Québec (June 6th 2006)
  • interviewed about intelligent design by Noémie Mercier “La main de Dieu, la part du singeQuébec Science, volume 44, numéro 7, avril 2006
  • Panelist for the Bar des sciences: the topic of race, Cégep St-Laurent (March 1st 2006)
  • Press conference panelist for La nuit de la philosophie, UQAM (March 1st 2006)
  • Program consultant for 2007 exhibit Rêver, Centre des sciences de Montréal
  • (November 21st 2005)

  • Round table discussion, Librairie Monet (October 26th 2005)